Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is a stabilizing ligament in the centre of the knee that is most commonly injured in pivoting sports such as skiing, soccer and basketball, or in contact sports such as football and rugby. A complete tear of the ACL rarely heals on its own and may require surgical reconstruction. Direct repair of the torn ACL is not very successful, therefore a tendon graft is used to reconstruct the ligament. Two small hamstring tendons from your leg, or a portion of your patellar tendon, or an allograft (tendon from a cadaver) are used to make the graft. The majority of the reconstruction surgery is done arthroscopically (through small incisions), and a camera is used to look at all of the knee joint structures.