Electrotherapy involves the use of electrical energy to stimulate nerves and muscles.
It involves using a variety of techniques to alleviate pain, improve mobility, and promote healing.
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES)
NMES involves the use of electrical currents to stimulate muscle contractions. This type of electrotherapy is commonly used in physiotherapy to treat muscle weakness, atrophy, and to improve range of motion.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
TENS involves placing electrodes on the skin and using a low-level electrical current to stimulate the nerves. This type of electrotherapy is often used to relieve pain and is effective in treating conditions such as arthritis, back pain, and migraines.
Interferential current therapy (IFT)
IFT is a form of electrical stimulation that uses high-frequency electrical currents to reduce pain and inflammation. It is commonly used to treat muscle spasms, joint injuries, and post-operative pain.
This type of electrotherapy uses high-frequency sound waves to penetrate deep into the tissues, promoting healing and reducing inflammation. Ultrasound therapy is often used to treat soft tissue injuries, such as sprains and strains.